London Study of Playgrounds: Preliminary Report

We are excited to share that we have put together a preliminary report of our findings from our London Study of Playgrounds! 

 

In the spring of 2015, over a six month period, we visited 45 playgrounds within the 1km radius of the center of London, and selected 16 as part of our study. We then conducted 253 observations, took 1638 videos and categorized 14,853 visitors by age, gender, ethnicity and activity levels.

Upon returning to the US, we compared our findings to the National Study of Neighborhood Parks by the RAND Corporation, to understand the influences of the design of playgrounds on play behaviors and physical activity levels in children and teens.

We discovered that playgrounds in London had 55% more visitors and 16-18% more physical activity in children and teens than comparable playgrounds in San Francisco, Los Angeles and New York.

The report contains a summary of our methodology, our initial findings, as well as images of the 16 play spaces. It is the first of two reports. The second will be a more in depth look at play behaviors related directly to surfaces and play structures, as well as an assessment of playground injury rates in the UK vs US, and cost differences in playground installation and maintenance in the two countries.

Happy reading!

 

We won the Kaboom Play Everywhere Challenge!

We are thrilled to announce that we are winners of the Kaboom Play Everywhere Challenge for our Play Parklet, in partnership with Roofmeadow and University City District.

We can't wait to create a playful cove of activity on an active street, reclaiming play from cars and managing stormwater. A win win for everyone!

Thanks Kaboom, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Target, Playworld, the US Department of Housing and Urban Development and the National Endowment for the Arts for the support!


Getting busy! Getting published!

It has been a whirlwind couple of months! 

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Here's a recap:

In March, we won the international design competition PlaySpace.

In April, we presented our London Study of Playgrounds at the national conferences for The Association for the Study of Play and the US Play Coalition.

In May, we submitted for the Kaboom Play Everywhere Challenge, which we are now a finalist on two projects.

In June, we submitted our National Study of Playgrounds to the National Institute of Health for funding, with our partner, the RAND Corporation.

In July, we were published in Landscape Architecture Magazine, as part of the article "Play It Up.

In August, we were published in Context, the magazine of AIA Philadelphia, for our article "Risky Business: The Dangers of Playgrounds That Are Too Safe". It was also re-published on the Community Design Collaborative's blog.

Playgrounds are getting noticed, and people are getting excited. We can't wait to see what the next couple of months brings! Stay tuned!

We won the International Design Competition, Play Space!

Yesterday, we had the honor of being selected as 1 of 3 winners for the international Play Space design competition hosted by the Community Design Collaborative and the Delaware Valley Association for the Education of Young Children (DVAEYC).

"The power of play space in the community and its impact on early childhood development cannot be underestimated. Play Space is rooted in the concept that urban play space is an unexpected contributor to solving some of the cities most critical challenges. These spaces strengthen the fabric of neighborhoods and can improve early learning skills, imagination, independence and health outcomes for children and also provide a venue to build strong interpersonal relationships, leading to strong communities and family friendly cities."

Our team consisted of us (play design), RoofMeadow (natural systems engineering) and Space for Childhood (early childhood education). Check out our winning presentation!

What makes a great place to play? 5 lessons for a successful playground

 

Last year, our director moved with her husband and 12 month old to London for 6 months. Since play is her passion, and she needed to entertain her toddler, she used the time to research playgrounds across London.

 

When she returned to Philadelphia, she partnered with the RAND Corporation to compare her playground data with their National Study of Neighborhood Parks, focusing on San Francisco, Los Angeles and New York. What she found was pretty significant. The playgrounds in London had up to 55% more people in them, and among kids and teenagers, there was a 16-18% jump in levels of physical activity. 1


What was behind this difference? Here are the top 5 lessons she learned from comparing play in London versus the US:


1. Don’t tell kids how to play


Lesson number one, kids know how to play. If you create something that tells them exactly what to do and how to do it, they will abandon it for something more exciting or start to use the equipment in more creative and possibly dangerous ways.


Slides are a perfect example. For most playgrounds, it’s up the ladder, slide down, repeat, in a repetitive loop that bores most kids once they are out of the toddler stage. But these playgrounds bring sliding to a new level:


Super tall embankment slides at Pools Playground, Victoria Park

Super tall embankment slides at Pools Playground, Victoria Park

Custom built slides and forts at Kilburn Grange Park

Custom built slides and forts at Kilburn Grange Park

2. Make it dangerous

 

Lesson number two, kids are attracted to new experiences. We learn by trying new things and seeking out thrills, and once they are mastered, leveling up to more complex tasks and environments.

 

The best playgrounds look dangerous, but are in fact completely safe, offering unlimited ways to play based on skill level, strength and bravery:

 

Log towers and net walks give the illusion of danger at Tumbling Bay Playground

Log towers and net walks give the illusion of danger at Tumbling Bay Playground

Fully enclosed net walks are safe, but transparent, providing a balance of risk and fun at Tumbling Bay Playground

Fully enclosed net walks are safe, but transparent, providing a balance of risk and fun at Tumbling Bay Playground

Topography and turrets give the illusion of danger at Spa Fields Park

Topography and turrets give the illusion of danger at Spa Fields Park

3. Let go of the rules

 

Lesson number three, the only rule should be to have fun. Everything in a playground should be playable, because kids don’t see the difference between a play structure and a puddle.

 

Plants, trees, rocks, surfacing…everything is up for grabs when kids are concerned. These playgrounds use the entire environment to their advantage, for a full sensory play experience:

 

Fallen tree climbers at Marylebone Playground, Regents Park

Fallen tree climbers at Marylebone Playground, Regents Park

Found objects and salvaged tree forts at Clapton Common

Found objects and salvaged tree forts at Clapton Common

Boulders and sand, plus a stone slab bridge define the primary play space of Wellington Barracks Playground

Boulders and sand, plus a stone slab bridge define the primary play space of Wellington Barracks Playground

4. Let them get lost

 

Lesson number four, kids love to hide. They love to build forts or dens, they like to be in small cozy places, they enjoy the sensation of being invisible, even if we really can see them.

 

These playgrounds provide places for kids to be in their own private worlds, while still staying within the boundaries of the play space:

 

The many facets of Kilburn Grange Park provide opportunities to get lost, hide and seek

The many facets of Kilburn Grange Park provide opportunities to get lost, hide and seek

Woven living willow dens at Tumbling Bay Playground

Woven living willow dens at Tumbling Bay Playground

Teepee forts at Princess Diana Memorial Playground

Teepee forts at Princess Diana Memorial Playground

5. Give grown-ups something to do

 

Lesson number five, caffeine and a bench. Almost all of the playgrounds in London have a café nearby and lots of seating with great sight lines. This means that parents can sit and chat, watch their kids, but keep a respectable distance so that play could happen without adult interference or assistance.

 

Remember lesson number one, kids already know how to play. Enjoy your coffee and take a break:

 

Cafe at the entrance to Princess Diana Memorial Playground

Cafe at the entrance to Princess Diana Memorial Playground

Variety of seating types and locations, from covered benches, to boulders, to rails for sitting and leaning, at Princess Diana Memorial Playground

Variety of seating types and locations, from covered benches, to boulders, to rails for sitting and leaning, at Princess Diana Memorial Playground

Tables and benches at Pools Playground, Victoria Park, are within sight of the playground, but not interfering with play flow

Tables and benches at Pools Playground, Victoria Park, are within sight of the playground, but not interfering with play flow

We are excited to share these findings and more at the upcoming play conferences hosted by The Association for the Study of Play and the US Play Coalition this spring!

 

1 Data for this study was collected through video observations over a two-month period from April-May of 2015, and analyzed using SOPARC (System for Observing Play and Active Recreation in Communities), developed by Dr. Thomas McKenzie of San Diego State University and Dr. Deborah Cohen of the RAND Corporation. The data was compared to the National Study of Neighborhood Parks, also developed by Dr. Cohen, focusing on San Francisco, Los Angeles and New York.

 

All images copyright Studio Ludo